Friday, July 13, 2018

lentivirus -

Lentivirus is one of the genera of the virus of Retroviridae family that can cause disease in humans and mammals. The term Lentivirus comes from the Latin "lenti" meaning "slow". Giving the name of Lentivirus because these viruses can cause infection slowly in a particular host.

What is meant by slow infection is the virus requires a long incubation time (in months or years) to cause disease and this is followed by damage to certain organs or tissues to cause deadly effects.

This genus has some special features that are non-oncogenic, have envelope, 100-130 nm in size, and have genetic material (genomes) in the form of single thread RNA. One member of the most widely known genus Lentivirus is HIV.