Wednesday, June 20, 2018

fungi -

Fungi is the name regnum of a large group of eukaryotic heterotrophs that digest food outside the body and absorb nutrient molecules into their cells. Scientists often use the term fungus as a synonym for Fungi.

Layman names most Fungi members as mushrooms, molds, yeasts, or yeasts, though often the intended outer appearances, not the species themselves.

The difficulty in recognizing fungi is due in part to the rotation of offspring that have a completely different appearance (remember metamorphosis in insects or frogs). Fungi reproduce themselves sexually and asexually. 

Sexual reproduction by: two hyphae of different fungi merge and then form a zygote and zygote grows into a fruit body, while asexual propagation by spore forming, sprouting or hypha fragmentation.

The fungus has a spore box called sporangium. Inside sporangium there are spores. Examples of fungi that make up spores are Rhizopus. An example of a fungus that forms buds is Saccharomyces. The fungal hyphae can be groomed and each fragment can grow into a fruit body.

The study of fungi is called mycology (from the Greek root μυκες, "mucus", and λογοσ, "knowledge", "symbol").