Wednesday, June 20, 2018

acidosis -

Acidosis is the process of increasing acid levels in the blood or other body tissues. In other words, there is a process of increasing the concentration of hydrogen ions. This term refers specifically to the acid levels in the blood plasma.

The term "acidemia" describes low blood pH levels, while "acidosis" describes the process that results. However, these two terms are often used interchangeably.

Acidosis occurs when the serum pH is lower than 7.35 (except in the fetus, while the opposite, alkalosis, occurs when the pH is higher than 7.45. Arterial blood gas testing and other tests are required to separate the underlying cause.

The level of cellular metabolic activity affects and at the same time is affected by the pH in body fluids. In mammals, normal arterial blood pH ranges from 7.35 to 7.50 (while in humans it ranges from 7.35 to 7.45). Changes in arterial blood pH beyond this range can result in cell damage.

Some of the symptoms associated with acidosis are headache, fatigue, tremor, drowsiness, asterixis and large brain dysfunction that can trigger coma if not addressed immediately.


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